A quick comparison between .Net, .Net Frameworks, and Xamarin

If you are fond of application development using the Microsoft stack technologies or are looking to hear the most recent and gorgeous updates regarding the relevant technology in order to build more elegant and worthy software, then this post will guide you to choose the best tech environment powered by Microsoft. Well, Microsoft is itself a huge platform, which offers multiple tech platforms and frameworks to build a web and mobile application. Meanwhile, Microsoft has introduced 3 classy environments to develop a well functioning and useful application which is likely known with the terms as .Net core, .Net Frameworks, and Xamarin. Definitely, these three technologies are like three sweet fruits that come from the same seed but have their own different structure, usage, and functionalities, which make you a bit confused to choose a better one. Therefore, with the source of this post, we are going to make a quick comparison between these tech platforms which also guides you to shake a hand with a perfect one.

.Net Framework

Releasing earlier in the year 2002, the .Net framework is primarily running on the Windows operating system. It has a huge and classy library of .net framework and class functions, which simply gives access to the language interoperability in the supported languages and the common language runtime (CLR) environment to execute the code.


Earlier the applications developed under the .Net framework was only accessible on the windows, while it didn’t support the development process if we use any other platform like Linux, and on. Thus, understanding the harsh situation, Microsoft has introduced and published a common language infrastructure. This is an open infrastructure developed by Microsoft and standardized by iOS and Ecma. Then with the well support of this standard, a new and updated version of the .Net framework was introduced. Which was specially developed to run the development process on the Linux, and Microsoft named it as Mono. Mono supports a large range of operating system and hence, it is called a cross-platform stage of the .Net framework which is basically used to build the desktop and mobile apps as well for multiple operating systems.

Xamarin is a separate company that was started in the year 2011 with a focused intention to develop a cross-platform application with C#. It maintained the MonoTouch which allows the developer’s community to build an iOS and Android app which delivers the same functionality and user experience with C#. Since the mono project has evolved with the Xamarin platform and took over it, they released Xamarin.iOS and Xamarin.Android, Xamarin.Mac along with many other tools that make it enable to develop a cross-platform app in C#.

Xamarin is a tech platform with these trendy features:

  • A framework to access native features.
  • Supported by extensible markup language as XAML to develop a dynamic app with C#.
  • Allowed to use a common pattern library like MVVM.

.Net Core

Well .Net framework is a monolithic framework that runs only on the windows, and due to its this nature, it causes a slow release cycle. While in the present age, where the serverless and microservices are getting a highly adopted rate, we need to use a lightweight framework along with a short memory footprint to run the applications, but the .Net framework doesn’t lay well in this space. However, Microsoft had thought again to innovate a new user base. Thus, .Netcore was build from scratch to lay the foundation for the future of the .Net platform with the involvement of a flexible and modular architecture that would grant the Microsoft to innovate on their offerings.

The .Net Core is a lightweight, modular, and a cross-platform stage of the .Net for the creation of modern and classy web apps, microservices, libraries and on, that can be finely accessible on Windows, Linux, and macOS. Also, there are different implementations of .Net with a goal to maintain a single consistent API through the .Net standard specification. Whose goals are as:

  • Define a set of BCL API for all .Net implementation to develop an independent app.
  • It grants the developers to produce a portable class library which is simply usable across .Net implementation using the same set of API.
  • Reduce the conditional compilation of a shared source.

Final words:

This post has finely described a base history of .Net and its varying implementations. The common language is an open-source specification standardized by iOS and Ecma which defines a set of API which every .Net app should like to use.

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